Glossary

Information explaining terminology used in Film Photography.

Examples and detailed explanations can be found on our Blog.

Agfa Photo

Details about Agfa Photo can be found on wikipedia.

Archival Quality

Archival Quality refers to the processing method and also the negatives sheets your negatives come in.

Archival Quality Processing

Processing film to archival quality means that the choice of chemicals,euipment and processing procedure will guarantee that negatives will last for more than a life time, if stored in suitable conditions.

Archival Quality Negative Sheets

These Archival Quality Negative Sheets are made of acid free materials that do not damage negatives. Together with archival processing and proper storage your negatives will last longer than your life time.

ASA

The term ASA refers to the film speed, similar to what we use nowadays to refer to a digital camera’s sensitivity, ISO.

ASA 3200

A film of ASA 3200 is specially made to shoot at ASA 3200 with out the need to push when used in very low light. Such a film requires careful use and light metering. The final look differs from films that are pushed.

Ilford Delta ASA 3200 is the most well known film.

Detail Obsessed Artist

A Detail Obsessed Artist refers to a person who spends too much time zooming into each photo at 200% looking for problems instead of spending the time to actually shoot some photos.

Excellent for Scanning

Films that are Excellent for Scanning are those films whose grain structure is created specially for scanning. These will offer smooth and fine grain when scanned.

These films are referred to as modern style of films such as Ilford Delta and Kodak T Max. Classic refers to films such as Ilford HP 5 Plus and Kodak Tri X.

Flash Photography

Flash photography refers to photography that uses other forms of light such as small portable flash lights or large studio strobes.

General Use Film

A general use film refers to films that can be used for every day photography and most subjects. These films will have average contrast, detail, sharpness and tones. They will also be ‘more forgiving’ with over and under exposure, making them ideal for beginners and for people shooting many regularly.

Hand Held

Hand held refers to shooting in lower light situations with out using a tripod, monopod or other stand to keep the camera steady.

High Light Detail

High Light Detail refers to the amount of texture and detail found in the ‘white’ areas of a photo.  With over exposure the ‘white’ parts (high lights) of a photo are so bright that there is no detail nor texture.

High resolution

High resolution refers to the amount of detail and sharpness  film or scanner can produce.

High Resolution TIFF

High resolution refers to the amount of detail and sharpness  film or scanner can produce that is then saved as a TIFF file. These files are large in size but contain a large amount of information that makes digital editing possable.

Kodak

Details about Kodak and Kodak Alaris can be found on wikipedia.

Low Light

Low light is considered to be situations were films of 800 ASA and faster are required. Generally indoors, sunsets and sunrise.

Professional Film

A few films are marked as professional films because they offer superior quality in certain areas. For example some professional films provide extremely fine grain, another film would offer exceptional sharpness and detail. These films are generally used by persons with some experience in shooting film since exposure should be spot on.

Pull

Pull refers to the practice of shooting films are a slower speed then develop them for shorter. This is very useful for shooting in very bright situations.  This might lead to loss of tones and grain.

Example

Kodak Tri X is ASA 400. All you do is set your camera to shoot at ASA 100. A difference of 2 stops. We will ‘pull’ develop from ASA 400 to ASA 100.

*Not all films can be pulled.

Push

Push refers to ‘pushing’ the practice of shooting films are a faster speed then develop them for longer. This is very useful for shooting in low light and although there is loss of detail in shadows, increase in grain and contrast, pushing creates beautiful classic photos

Example

Kodak Tri X is ASA 400. All you do is set your camera to shoot at ASA 1600. A difference of 2 stops. We will ‘push’ develop from ASA 400 to ASA 1600.

 

*Not all films can be Pushed.

Resolving Power

Info soon.

Sharpness

Info soon.

Skin Tone

Skin tone is the most important factor to consider before photographing people, in colour and also black and white. These films are formulated to record skin tones very accurately. This is achieved by having controlled contrast for black and white films and colour tones for colour films.

Tonal Range

The tonal range refers to the amount of shades of grey, starting from black to white. A high contrast film will have less tones, meaning that between pure black and pure white there are very few shades of grey. A wide tonal range film means that the film is less contrasty because there are many shades of grey between pure black and pure white.

Ultra Speed

Films classified as Ultra Speed refer to films of ASA 800 and upwards. One of the most popular films is Ilford Delta ASA 3200.

Vivid Colour

Vivid colour is richer and saturated. Used in landscapes and fashion but not for portraits or were skin tones are important.

35mm

35mm refers to the film size. Most popular and common film cameras use this size of film. In todays digital world, a 35mm film is equivalent in size to a full frame dsrl sensor.

120

120 means Medium Format. This film is four times the size of 35mm film. Cameras that shoot 120 film have a frame choice of 6×4.5cm, 6×6, 6×7 and upwards.

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